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Sometimes I feel depressed about learning English.

It doesn't give me the feedback I expected even though I spend a lot of time learning. The TOEIC grade has been stuck at 500-600 range for a long time, which consumes me with self doubt. Did I get the method wrong? Or should I take lessons with a cram school? I am confused.

Few hours later, I got a message from a LingQ user, she corrected the paragraph and said: you're doing great keep practicing. I thank her for the encouragement.

Image/photo


#Diary #LearningEnglish #Language #Languages
 

New Here!

I’m Jinny Seesaw who is interested in #football, #chiptune, #8-bit video games, and #painting. I come from #Taiwan and my native #language is Traditional Mandarin. I’m learning English and Spanish. Nice to meet new friends.

¡Hola a todos! Me llamo Jinny, soy de Taiwan y principiante aprendiendo español. Estoy aprendiendo a escribir en español. Es muy difícil para mí. Me gusta ver jugadas del fútbol en la semana. Soy aficionado del Atlético de Madrid y la selección de Uruguay. ¡Vamos Atleti y la Celeste!

#newhere #introductions #languages #art #design #ink #drawing #football #soccer #AtleticoMadrid #Uruguay #Celeste
 

Languages I want to write


I spent this weekend writing a Forth designed for music synthesis, and it reminded me what a joy writing programming languages is! I have a big list of programming language experiments that I want to…
Article word count: 893

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19656666
Posted by zdw (karma: 34373)
Post stats: Points: 141 - Comments: 90 - 2019-04-14T00:15:48Z

#HackerNews #languages #want #write
Article content:

I spent this weekend writing a Forth designed for music synthesis, and it reminded me what a joy writing programming languages is! I have a big list of programming language experiments that I want to try, but itʼs mostly been in my head so far. Hereʼs a living document of some of the languages I want to write.

A language with dependent types and borrow checking

A [1]dependent type system is one where a type can depend on a value - for instance, a functionʼs return type could depend on the value of one of its arguments. [2]Idris is perhaps the most famous dependently typed language.

Having dependent types allows for a huge amount of expressivity at the type level, preventing runtime bugs.

However, all current dependently typed languages are garbage collected.

[3]Rust is the first (well-known) language to not use either garbage collection or manual memory management, instead relying on borrow-checking to allocate and free memory. [4]Carp is a lisp that uses a borrow checker (they call it a "[5]lifetime analyzer") for memory management, and compiles to C.

It would be interesting to combine dependent types and borrow checking.

Some useful places to start with this:

Itʼs probably incredibly hard to make a language like this ergonomic and performant, but I think itʼs an important design space to explore.

A productionized stream processing language

When I started working at Google, saw that everything was protobufs, and I assumed that the tools for dealing with protobufs would be amazing. Turns out, nope, youʼre writing thousands of lines of [6]guiced up Java to perform what are, conceptually, simple transformations of protobufs.

[7]jq is a stream processing language for JSON - it allows you to easily express transformations of JSON. ([8]faq is another cool tool in this space, although I havenʼt tried it yet)

I want to be able to write servers in jq, except communicating in a typed format that has a real schema. The real work here is tying this together with a DB and reasonable frontend framework, but I think thereʼs something interesting in the idea of jq with types.

An effect system for Forth

Itʼd be interesting to write an effect system for Forth - thereʼs already been plenty of research into [9]analyzing the stack effects of forth words - it seems like interesting design space to use these as annotations for forth words, MyPy style. Iʼm not sure exactly what effects one would care about for forth - the most obvious are stack effects, but forth seems like an interesting playground for all sorts of taint-tracking things.

A python-esque language with algebraic data types

[10]Algebraic data types allow you to express many types of data in your type system.

Python is a wonderful scripting language, and is the language that I can most quickly throw together scripts in, but the lack of typing makes it untenable for large programs, and unpleasant for small ones.

Iʼd love to have a python-esque language with algebraic data types. Some people tell me that [11]Pyret is this, so I should probably look at that first.

Also, itʼd be amazing if it compiled to WASM - a major pain with python is that itʼs super hard to distribute. I often end up writing javascript just because itʼs easier to share, but that makes me sad :(

A lisp that compiles to C++ template metaprograms

C++ template metaprogramming feels surprisingly like writing a functional language - most everything is immutable, and recursion is the only looping.

It seems to me that it shouldnʼt be too much effort to write a Lisp that compiles down to C++ templates. I started writing this at the [12]Recurse Center (and got as far as compiling prefix notation arithmetic expressions), but put it down. Iʼd love to return to it some day.

I donʼt think this would be useful, but it would be hilarious.

I think that a lot of people are confused as to why people write programming languages - we have so many already, what could the new programming language youʼre writing possibly bring to the table? But in reality, thereʼs a ton of design space in programming languages that hasnʼt been explored yet! Itʼs important that we continue to explore this space, not because every language will be good, but because some of them might bring new ideas to the table, or cause us to see how a combination of old ideas is amazing together. No one knows what itʼd be like to program in a borrow-checked language with dependent types, because there isnʼt one that exists!

Also, writing a programming language can be a lot of fun! It really demystifies what a "programming language" actually is, and what computers are actually doing. (If writing a programming language seems scary, Iʼd recommend reading "[13]My first fifteen compilers" by Lindsey Kuper - it turns out that compilers (and programming languages) come at all different levels of complexity, and you can probably implement a very simple compiler or language in a few days!)

I wish more people were writing strange programming languages, or at least talking about what programming languages they want to write. What programming languages do you want to see?

Last update: 12 April 2019

If youʼre in NYC and want to meet up over lunch/coffee to chat about the future of technology, [14]get in touch with me.

References

Visible links
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dependent_type
2. https://www.idris-lang.org/
3. https://www.rust-lang.org/
4. https://github.com/carp-lang/Carp
5. https://github.com/carp-lang/Carp/blob/master/docs/Memory.md
6. https://github.com/google/guice
7. https://stedolan.github.io/jq/
8. https://github.com/jzelinskie/faq
9. https://www.kodu.ee/%7Ejpoial/teadus/EuroForth90_Algebraic.pdf
10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algebraic_data_type
11. https://www.pyret.org/index.html
12. https://www.recurse.com/
13. http://composition.al/blog/2017/07/31/my-first-fifteen-compilers/
14. mailto:me@wesleyac.com

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What I dislike about the federation

I have been noticing since a while there is a very impolite attitude among many people who use the federated networks, the lacking of desire to build a community that include all the other ones from all the different countries and languages.

Many times I see posts that starting in English which is the most common ground to communicate among the others that end filled up in any others languages than English, along the fact that is unkindly and annoying, it goes in the opposite way of the inclusion which should be the reason why a social network exists.

It is true that Mastodon resolved it brilliantly but in Diaspora and Friendica you can't exclude topics because the language that means is up to the users take the task to avoid cross languages in any topic.

However I see there isn't any desire to avoid that behavior and people are quite careless about that, hence I think I will start to ignore all the people that do not respect this very simple, unwritten and basic rule.

#languages #diaspora #friendica #fediverse #federation #people #respect #inclusion
Florida 

Org-Mode Is One of the Most Reasonable Markup Languages to Use for Text (2018)


Org-Mode Is One of the Most Reasonable Markup Languages to Use for Text

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19622019
Posted by funkaster (karma: 896)
Post stats: Points: 165 - Comments: 48 - 2019-04-10T05:07:54Z

#HackerNews #2018 #for #languages #markup #most #one #org-mode #reasonable #text #the #use
Article content:

Image/photo

Update 2017-09-25: Simplified the table syntax even more

Update 2018-04-06: Comments on the standardization argument

Disclaimer: this is a very nerdy blog entry. It is about [1]lightweight markup languages and why I think that Org-mode is the best lightweight markup language for many use-cases. And with lightweight markup language, I do mean the syntax, the way you express headings, lists, font variations such as bold face or italic, and such things.

Please do note that this is not about Emacs. This is about Org-mode syntax and its advantages even when used outside of Emacs. You can type Org-mode in [2]vim, [3]notepad.exe, [4]Atom, [5]Notepad++, and all other text editors out there. And in my opinion it does have advantages compared to the other, common lightweight markup standards such as [6]Markdown, [7]AsciiDoc, [8]Wikitext or [9]reStructuredText.

Of course, Org-mode is my favorite syntax. Despite my personal choice you will see that Iʼve got some pretty convincing arguments that underline my statement as well. So this is not just a matter of personal taste.

If you already have a grin on your face because you donʼt have any clue what this is all about: keep on reading. It makes an excellent example for making fun of nerds at your next dinner party. ;-)

Here you are. This is almost anything you need to know about Org-mode syntax:
  • This Is A Heading ** This Is A Sub-Heading *** And A Sub-Sub-Heading Paragraphs are separated by at least one empty line. bold /italic/ underlined +strikethrough+ =monospaced= [[http://Karl-Voit.at][Link description]] http://Karl-Voit.at → link without description : Simple pre-formatted text such as for source code. : This also respects the line breaks. bold is not bold here. - list item - another item - sub-item 1. also enumerated 2. if you like - [ ] yet to be done - [X]item which is done
    Iʼve seen many coworkers who typed Org-mode markup when taking notes in their text editor. And they did not even know anything about it. So it is that intuitive Iʼd say.

    While I was learning Org-mode, I did not even use a cheat-sheet for the syntax as I normally do. It was very natural for me to type Org-mode right from the start.

    Tables are a bit more complicated like in all other markup languages I know of:

    | My Column 1 | My Column 2 | Last Column | |-------------+-------------+-------------| | 42 | foo | bar | | 23 | baz | abcdefg | |-------------+-------------+-------------| | 65 | | |

    You most probably wonʼt type a table like this outside of Emacs. The manual alignment without tool-support is very tedious. But even here you are able to deliver a perfectly fine Org-mode table by simply ignoring the alignment altogether:

    | My Column 1|My Column 2 | Last Column | |- | 42 | foo | bar| | 23 | baz | abcdefg| |- | 65 |||

    This is an almost ridiculous argument because in my opinion a markup is of no use when it is not the same for tool A as for tool B.

    However, there are markup languages that are different. For example the very widely used markup language named [10]Markdown has many flavors to choose from:

    [11]Pandoc lists six different Markdown flavors as output formats. This is an absolutely bad situation which foils the original idea behind lightweight markup languages. When some web service tells me that I can use "Markdown" for a text field, I have to dig deeper to find out which of those many different Markdown standards the web page is talking about. After this I will have to continue and look for a cheat-sheet of this dialect because nothing is more difficult to differentiate than multiple standards that are almost the same but not really the same. A usability hell. I get furious every time I have to enter this hell.

    With Org-mode, life is easy. The snippet from the previous section explains all there is. Any tool that interprets Org-mode accepts this simple and easy to remember syntax.

    Many lightweight markup languages do offer multiple ways of typing headings. There are basically three ways of defining headings:

    1. Prefix headings
    2. Pre- and postfix headings
    3. Underlined headings

    Here are some examples for each category:

    Prefix headings: # Heading 1 ## Heading 2 ### Heading 3 Pre- and postfix headings: = Heading 1 = == Heading 2 == === Heading 3 === Underlined headings: Heading 1 ========= Heading 2 ~~~~~~~~~ Heading 3 *********

    I prefer the prefix heading style. Org-mode use this as well with * as prefix characters. The more asterisks, the deeper the level of the heading is.

    Pre- and postfix headings do offer bad usability. The user has manually synchronize the number of prefix character with the number of postfix characters. And it is totally unclear how something like = heading == with different numbers of pre/postfix characters is going to turn out when being interpreted.

    And in case the user already used a markup language with simple prefix headings, it is not logical why there is the need for the postfix characters at all.

    Even worse than this is the underlined heading category. The user is completely irritated for multiple reasons. Besides the tedious manual work to align the stupid heading characters with the heading title, it is not clear what characters must be used for those heading lines. If youʼve got a bigger document with different levels of headings you get confused which heading character stands for which heading level.

    Are the tilde characters level one? Or was it the equals characters? And how about asterisks? Without a cheat-sheet, the occasional markup user is completely lost.

    This gets even more worse: some markup languages let you choose your "order" of heading characters. This results in weird situations. For example one author is starting to write a reStructuredText document using her favorite heading syntax. A second author is joining in and has to analyze the document in order to know what heading syntax he must use.

    In the [12]reStructuredText mode of Emacs you can find following function:

    You can visualize the hierarchy of the section adornments in the current buffer by invoking rst-display-adornments-hierarchy, bound on C-c C-a C-d. A temporary buffer will appear with fake section titles rendered in the style of the current document. This can be useful when editing other peopleʼs documents to find out which section adornments correspond to which levels.

    Yes, you got it right, it is true: this functionʼs only purpose is to generate a dummy-hierarchy of headings to visualize which markup has to be used for heading 1, which one for heading 2 and so forth just for this single document. What a bad design decision of the markup when you need such hacks just to know how a heading should look like in a markup even if you are familiar with in the first place.

    Here is one more: some markup languages even allow mixed heading styles. You can use an underlined heading style for heading level 1, a prefix style for level 2, another underlining style for level 3 and so forth. Now the chaos is a perfect one.

    Letʼs have a look at a different markup element: external links. As you already remember in Org-mode, a link looks like this:

    [[http://Karl-Voit.at][my home page]]

    The only difficult thing here is to remember that the URL is at the beginning and the description follows after the URL. Many markup languages do add additional and unnecessary levels of difficulties.

    Here are some [13]examples from Wikipedia and comments by me where a user might be irritated.

    AsciiDoc:

    http://example.com[Text]

    The form is simple but for complex URLs, the [Text]might look like being part of the URL itself. Not beautiful but at least something I could live with.

    Markdown:

    Text Text

    Brackets or parentheses first? Why using different kind of markup characters in the first place like only brackets? Is the Title part of the URL? Why not part of Text? Very confusing design decisions from my point of view.

    reStructuredText:

    Text <[url=http://example.com/]http://example.com/[/url]>_

    Holy moly. This is some weird stuff. First, you have to grave accents ` and not apostrophes ʼ. Then what about the underscore character at the end? This is as complicated as you can define a simple URL. Iʼd even prefer the hard to type HTML version of linking. A disaster for something which has "lightweight" in its class name.

    The simple syntax of Org-mode does not imply typing unnecessary characters. You donʼt have to manually align something like underlined headings. Anybody using a simple text editor is very fast at adding markup for headings, font variations, and so forth. The previous section proved that other markup languages clearly fail in many cases.

    You donʼt have to use the Emacs editor to write and work with Org-mode markup text. As I mentioned above, many people already do so just because Org-mode is an intuitive and clean way of typing text characters.

    When youʼve got text information in Org-mode markup, you can process it with many tools. Most prominent and most important examples are files pushed within a GitHub repository and the swiss army knife named [14]Pandoc which is able to convert Org-mode to dozens of formats like HTML, odt (LibreOffice), docx (Word), LaTeX, PDF, and so forth.

    As I mentioned in the beginning, this is not an article about Emacs. Nevertheless for anybody not familiar with Emacs I have to mention that with Emacs there is a tool that supports (not only) in writing Org-mode syntax in a perfect way.

    You might start with mouse-only usage. There are menu items with all important functions. For the users that want to get a minimum of efficiency, the menu items show you [15]the keyboard shortcuts you might want to use.

    For Org-mode it is really easy to learn. Basically you just have to use TAB for toggle the collapsing and expanding of headings, lists, and blocks. Itʼs Alt and the arrow keys to move around headings, list items, and even table columns/rows. Ctrl-Return creates a new heading or list item without the need of entering the markup characters and manually matching indentation levels at all.

    Thatʼs it. With those three things youʼre good to write Org-mode syntax efficiently. The basic file open/save, finding help, exiting Emacs stuff is accessible with icons or the menu. No need to [16]learn more keyboard shortcuts if you donʼt want to.

    Having experienced this great tool-support, users typically are eager to learn more. You donʼt have to. You might be happy with Org-mode for capturing minutes of meetings and your shopping list. However, others do master a few additional things and [17]write whole eBooks [18]within Org-mode.

    Lightweight markup languages are designed to be used with a minimum effort compared to full-blown and therefore more complicated markup languages such as HTML or LaTeX.

    Some are doing their job better than others. In my experience, many design decisions of widely adapted markups such as Markdown or reStructuredText (and others) are questionable from a usability point of view. At least I do have some issues when I have to use them in my daily life.

    Unfortunately, I hardly see any people out there using Org-mode as a markup language outside of Emacs although there are very good reasons for it as an easy to learn and easy to use markup language.

    With this blog article I wanted to point out the usefulness of Org-mode even when you are not using Emacs as an writing tool.

    Backlinks:

    [19]"revocation" has a valid point related to the missing standardization of Org-mode. Here is my comment on this:

    The statements here refer to a /lightweight/ markup, the basic things of Org-mode syntax. I explicitly listed "headings, lists, font variations such as bold face or italic, and such things".

    What I do not cover here is a full syntax statement or standard. In my opinion, currently this is not possible outside of Emacs for various reasons.

    Of course, there are [20]variations in interpreting Org-mode files between Emacs and pandoc. Also, pandoc only supports a sub-set of Org-mode. Otherwise, pandoc would have to re-implement or embed Emacs for parsing purposes.

    In this specific case, pandoc seems to have a more strict parser related to leading spaces for #-lines, or keywords. Iʼm pretty sure that the pandoc project accepts this issue as a bug. In doubt, the interpretation of Emacs is the definition, or golden-standard, of Org-mode syntax. Even [21]this beta-version of a syntax definition does not mention optional spaces before keywords. [22]The manual mentions org-element-parse-buffer and org-lint which would be most probably the best choice for defining the official standard if you would search for one.

    However, this does not relate at all with the intention of this article: the design of the (basic) Org-mode syntax compared to other lightweight markup languages. All the issues mentioned where other markups show inconsistencies and usability issues where Org-mode seems to have advantages still do apply here. Completely independent of the standardization argument. My personal believe is, that if there would be more use of Org-mode syntax elements outside of Emacs, there would be a much higher pressure on formally defining Org-mode as a syntax which pandoc and even Emacs could use as the golden standard.

    So far, there is not even the necessity of defining this golden standard because nobody outside of the Emacs community knows or even is using Org-mode. And this is what I tried to change a bit because other markup languages do tend to hurt my geeky soul when I do have to use them. ;-)
References

Visible links
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightweight_markup_language
2. http://www.vim.org/
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Notepad
4. https://atom.io/
5. https://notepad-plus-plus.org/
6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Markdown
7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AsciiDoc
8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiki#Editing
9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ReStructuredText
10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Markdown
11. https://pandoc.org/
12. http://docutils.sourceforge.net/docs/user/emacs.html
13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightweight_markup_language#Link_syntax
14. https://pandoc.org/
15. http://orgmode.org/orgcard.pdf
16. https://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/refcards/pdf/refcard.pdf
17. https://github.com/vikasrawal/endingmalnutrition
18. http://irreal.org/blog/?p=5313
19. https://www.reddit.com/r/orgmode/comments/8690ex/as_a_markup_language_forgetting_about_todogtd/dwvl3d4/
20. https://www.reddit.com/r/orgmode/comments/8690ex/as_a_markup_language_forgetting_about_todogtd/dwizwjs/
21. https://orgmode.org/worg/dev/org-syntax.html
22. https://orgmode.org/manual/Org-syntax.html

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 126 - Loop: 61 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 31
 
Hey everyone, I’m not exactly #newhere, because I've been lurking and commenting for a while, but I think it is time to get this first post done. I’m interested in #amateurradio, #arduino, #baking, #bikes, #chinese, #chocolate, #cooking, #electronics, #ev, #ghibli, #ham, #hamradio, #japan, #languages, #motorcycle, #nkust, #raspberrypi, #taiwan, #台灣, and #高科大. I am interested in a few more things, but I don't for example like to be notified multiple times that a new version X of Linux distribution Y is out, for me it's simply my standard OS to work with, not a toy.

I still need to refine the tags I'm following, but I guess those are fluid anyway. I will also need to experiment a bit with posting options, so apologies if the first posts are a little barebone. And I hope this will be fun...
 
Hey everyone, I’m not exactly #newhere, because I've been lurking and commenting for a while, but I think it is time to get this first post done. I’m interested in #amateurradio, #arduino, #baking, #bikes, #chinese, #chocolate, #cooking, #electronics, #ev, #ghibli, #ham, #hamradio, #japan, #languages, #motorcycle, #nkust, #raspberrypi, #taiwan, #台灣, and #高科大. I am interested in a few more things, but I don't for example like to be notified multiple times that a new version X of Linux distribution Y is out, for me it's simply my standard OS to work with, not a toy.

I still need to refine the tags I'm following, but I guess those are fluid anyway. I will also need to experiment a bit with posting options, so apologies if the first posts are a little barebone. And I hope this will be fun...
 

Don't take life so seriously. Anyway you won't come out alive. Ne prenez pas la vie si au sérieux. Vous n'en sortirez pas vivant malgré tout.

Don't take life so seriously. Anyway you won't come out alive.
Ne prenez pas la vie si au sérieux. Vous n'en sortirez pas vivant malgré tout.
No tomes la vida tan serioso. No saldrás vivo de todos modos
================================================================
Image/photo
Image/photo
Leer Nederlands! / Learn Dutch! / Apprenez le néerlandais! / Lernen Sie Niederländisch! / Imparate l’olandese!

Image/photoNeem het leven niet zo serieus. Je komt er toch niet levend uit ! Image/photo

Image/photo Variant : Neem het leven niet te serieus. Je overleeft het toch niet !

Image/photo Engels; English : Don't take life too seriously. You'll never get out alive !

Image/photo Frans; français : Ne prenez pas la vie trop au sérieux. De toute façon, vous n'y survivrez pas !

Image/photo Duits; Deutsch : Nimm das Leben nicht so ernst. Du überlebst es eh nicht !

Image/photo Italiaans; italiano : Non prendere la vita troppo sul serio. Non potrai mai uscirne vivo

Image/photo Portugees; português : Não leve a vida tão a sério. Você nunca sairá vivo dela.

Image/photo Spaans; español : No se tome la vida demasiado en serio; nunca saldrá usted vivo de ella.

Image/photoDoctissimo

COLLECTIE : #spreekwoorden docnederlands
#spreekwoorden #zegswijzen #gezegden #spreuken #uitdrukkingen #nederlands #proverbes #expressions #dictons #néerlandais #proverbs #sayings #maxims #dutch #sprichwörter #redewendungen #ausdrücke #niederländisch #olandese #neerlandés #engels #english #frans #français #duits #deutsch #italiaans #italiano #spaans #español #portugees #português #talen #languages #langues #sprachen #lingue #lenguas #illustratie #illustraties #afbeelding #afbeeldingen #illustration #illustrations #image #images #picture #pictures #bild #bilder #illustrazione #illustrazioni #ilustración #quote #quotes #citation #citations #citaat #citaten #zitat #zitate #citazione #nemen #leven #serieus #komen #toch #levend #overleven
 

Which are the most insecure languages?


#insecure #languages #most #which
 
Image/photo
Посмотрите на эту статью:https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Абстрактный_экспрессионизм
Ничего особенного, всё что значимо в русском языке - здесь описано. А теперь давайте взглянем на статью языка победителей последней крупной войны, в ней значимой оказалась и немного другая информация:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abstract_expressionism#Abstract_expressionism_and_the_Cold_War
С середины 1970-х годов ревизионистские историки утверждали, что этот стиль привлекал внимание ЦРУ в начале 1950-х годов, которое рассматривало это направление в аспекте того, что США - это убежище свободной мысли и свободного рынка, а также вызов как стилям социалистического реализма, преобладающим в коммунистических странах, так и господству европейских рынков искусства. [55]В книге Фрэнсис Стонор Сондерс "Культурная холодная война - ЦРУ и мир искусства и литературы" [56](опубликована в Великобритании под названием "Кто заплатил водителю? ЦРУ и культурная холодная война") рассказывается, как ЦРУ финансировало и организовало продвижение американских абстрактных экспрессионистов в рамках культурного империализма через Конгресс за свободу культуры с 1950 по 1967 год. В частности, серия Роберта Мазервелла «Элегия Испанской Республике» затрагивала некоторые из этих политических вопросов. Том Брэйден, начальник-основатель Отдела международных организаций ЦРУ и бывший исполнительный секретарь Музея современного искусства, сказал в интервью: «Я думаю, что это было самое важное подразделение, которое было у агентства, и я думаю, что оно сыграло огромная роль в холодной войне ".

[57]Вопреки этой ревизионистской традиции, эссе Майкла Киммельмана, главного искусствоведа The New York Times, под названием «Возвращение к ревизионистам: современное, критика и холодная война», утверждает, что большая часть этой информации (а также интерпретация ревизионистов этого) относительно того, что происходило на американской художественной сцене в 1940-х и 50-х годах, категорически неверно или, в лучшем случае (вопреки общепризнанным историографическим принципам ревизионистов), деконтекстуализированно. [58]Другие книги на эту тему: «Искусство в холодной войне» Кристины Линдей, которая также описывает искусство Советского Союза в это же время; и "Сайда и после" под редакторством Фрэнсиса Фрэсцины, который перепечатал статью Киммельмана.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253771802_Artists_Secrets_and_CIA%27s_Cultural_Policy
Есть и другие примеры различия критической значимости информации в разных языках в википедии. Сравните к примеру содержание статей "Популизм" и "Дело Бейлиса" в русской и английской вики.
#cia #conspiracy #express #expressionism #history #languages #metaprogramming #revision #semantics #wiki
 
Image/photo
Image/photo
Leer Nederlands! / Learn Dutch! / Apprenez le néerlandais! / Lernen Sie Niederländisch! / Imparate l’olandese

De week doormidden zagen
Image/photo
Image/photo Betekenis : deze uitdrukking verwijst naar het midden van de werkweek (woensdagmiddag 12 uur); die wordt veel in de kantoorwereld gebruikt: Meneer Zaagmans is langsgeweest, de week is weer doormidden, de week vordert en het weekend nadert (met rasse schreden). Voor vele mensen die uitkijken naar het weekend, is Zaagmans een lichtpunt in de werkweek.
Image/photo Meaning : In the Netherlands we say 'the man with the saw' (= Meneer Zaagmans) comes along on Wednesday at 12 o'clock to cut the week in two, so yeah it’s almost weekend!» It is a way to encourage oneself or colleagues to carry on until the end of the week! This idiomatic expression is mostly used by office workers and is a glimmer of hope for them in the middle of the week.
Image/photo Signification : cette expression se réfère au milieu de la semaine de travail (à savoir le mercredi midi); elle est surtout utilisée par les employés de bureau et signifie : l'homme à la scie (= Meneer Zaagmans) vient de passer, il a coupé la semaine en deux, la semaine avance et le week-end approche (à grands pas). Pour beaucoup de gens qui aspirent au week-end, Monsieur Zaagmans est une lueur d'espoir au milieu de la semaine de travail.
Image/photo
Varianten : de week doorzagen / de week doormidden breken / (weer) de week in twee doen
Image/photo
Image/photo Engels; English : Wednesday, already half way through the week! / It's already Wednesday, the weekend is in sight! / Come on! Already Wednesday! The weekend is getting closer. / Already Wednesday! The weekend is coming fast! / It's already Wednesday! The weekend will be here before we know it! / Hey look... It's already Wednesday! The weekend is almost here again / It's midweek, and the weekend is within reach. / It's midweek, and the weekend is almost here!
Image/photo Frans; français : Quand le mercredi est passé, la semaine est presque finie! / Courage! On est déjà mercredi, le week-end sera vite là. / On est déjà mercredi ! Le week-end va arriver à grand pas! / Nous voilà déjà mercredi, la semaine file!
Image/photo Duits; Deutsch : Wenn Mittwoch vorbei ist, dann ist so gut wie Wochenende! / Wenn Mittwoch vorbei ist, ist auch schon Donnerstag! / Es ist schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende naht (mit Riesenschritten)! / Heute haben wir schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende ist in Sicht. / Zum Glück ist schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende ist fast schon zu sehen. / Yes, schon Mittwoch! Das Wochenende rückt näher. / Schon Mittwoch! Das Wochenende steht quasi vor der Tür.
Image/photo Italiaans; italiano : Siamo già mercoledi, domani è giovedi' e la settimana è quasi finita! / Oggi mercoledi, domani è giovedi, dai che la settimana è quasi finita! / E' già mercoledì ... Il week-end si avvicina! / Coraggio... è già mercoledì, il week-end è alle porte!

Tekening : Jabbertje, René Speelman

Image/photoPinterest : de week doormidden zagen

COLLECTIES : #spreekwoorden docnederlands #culturele aspecten docnl
#spreekwoorden #zegswijzen #gezegden #spreuken #uitdrukkingen #nederlands #proverbes #expressions #dictons #néerlandais #proverbs #sayings #maxims #dutch #sprichwörter #redewendungen #ausdrücke #niederländisch #olandese #neerlandés #engels #english #frans #français #duits #deutsch #italiaans #italiano #taal #talen #language #languages #langue #langues #sprache #sprachen #lingua #lingue #lengua #lenguas #illustratie #illustraties #afbeelding #afbeeldingen #illustration #illustrations #image #images #picture #pictures #bild #bilder #illustrazione #illustrazioni #ilustración #tekening #tekeningen #dessin #dessins #drawing #drawings #zeichnung #disegno #dibujo #week #doormidden #zagen #jabbertje
 
Image/photo
Image/photo
Leer Nederlands! / Learn Dutch! / Apprenez le néerlandais! / Lernen Sie Niederländisch! / Imparate l’olandese

De week doormidden zagen
Image/photo
Image/photo Betekenis : deze uitdrukking verwijst naar het midden van de werkweek (woensdagmiddag 12 uur); die wordt veel in de kantoorwereld gebruikt: Meneer Zaagmans is langsgeweest, de week is weer doormidden, de week vordert en het weekend nadert (met rasse schreden). Voor vele mensen die uitkijken naar het weekend, is Zaagmans een lichtpunt in de werkweek.
Image/photo Meaning : In the Netherlands we say 'the man with the saw' (= Meneer Zaagmans) comes along on Wednesday at 12 o'clock to cut the week in two, so yeah it’s almost weekend!» It is a way to encourage oneself or colleagues to carry on until the end of the week! This idiomatic expression is mostly used by office workers and is a glimmer of hope for them in the middle of the week.
Image/photo Signification : cette expression se réfère au milieu de la semaine de travail (à savoir le mercredi midi); elle est surtout utilisée par les employés de bureau et signifie : l'homme à la scie (= Meneer Zaagmans) vient de passer, il a coupé la semaine en deux, la semaine avance et le week-end approche (à grands pas). Pour beaucoup de gens qui aspirent au week-end, Monsieur Zaagmans est une lueur d'espoir au milieu de la semaine de travail.
Image/photo
Varianten : de week doorzagen / de week doormidden breken / (weer) de week in twee doen
Image/photo
Image/photo Engels; English : Wednesday, already half way through the week! / It's already Wednesday, the weekend is in sight! / Come on! Already Wednesday! The weekend is getting closer. / Already Wednesday! The weekend is coming fast! / It's already Wednesday! The weekend will be here before we know it! / Hey look... It's already Wednesday! The weekend is almost here again / It's midweek, and the weekend is within reach. / It's midweek, and the weekend is almost here!
Image/photo Frans; français : Quand le mercredi est passé, la semaine est presque finie! / Courage! On est déjà mercredi, le week-end sera vite là. / On est déjà mercredi ! Le week-end va arriver à grand pas! / Nous voilà déjà mercredi, la semaine file!
Image/photo Duits; Deutsch : Wenn Mittwoch vorbei ist, dann ist so gut wie Wochenende! / Wenn Mittwoch vorbei ist, ist auch schon Donnerstag! / Es ist schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende naht (mit Riesenschritten)! / Heute haben wir schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende ist in Sicht. / Zum Glück ist schon Mittwoch, das Wochenende ist fast schon zu sehen. / Yes, schon Mittwoch! Das Wochenende rückt näher. / Schon Mittwoch! Das Wochenende steht quasi vor der Tür.
Image/photo Italiaans; italiano : Siamo già mercoledi, domani è giovedi' e la settimana è quasi finita! / Oggi mercoledi, domani è giovedi, dai che la settimana è quasi finita! / E' già mercoledì ... Il week-end si avvicina! / Coraggio... è già mercoledì, il week-end è alle porte!

Tekening : Jabbertje, René Speelman

Image/photoPinterest : de week doormidden zagen

COLLECTIES : #spreekwoorden docnederlands #culturele aspecten docnl
#spreekwoorden #zegswijzen #gezegden #spreuken #uitdrukkingen #nederlands #proverbes #expressions #dictons #néerlandais #proverbs #sayings #maxims #dutch #sprichwörter #redewendungen #ausdrücke #niederländisch #olandese #neerlandés #engels #english #frans #français #duits #deutsch #italiaans #italiano #taal #talen #language #languages #langue #langues #sprache #sprachen #lingua #lingue #lengua #lenguas #illustratie #illustraties #afbeelding #afbeeldingen #illustration #illustrations #image #images #picture #pictures #bild #bilder #illustrazione #illustrazioni #ilustración #tekening #tekeningen #dessin #dessins #drawing #drawings #zeichnung #disegno #dibujo #week #doormidden #zagen #jabbertje
 
Any needs on #hubzilla side ?

Image/photoHank G wrote the following post Sat, 02 Mar 2019 17:31:17 +0300

switching.social - 2019-03-02 14:21:50 GMT
If you know a language other than English, you can contribute to many different Fediverse-related projects by translating their text.

Here are some translation links:

🐰 Friendica
https://www.transifex.com/Friendica/friendica/

🎧 Funkwhale
https://docs.funkwhale.audio/translators.html

🐤 Halcyon
https://translate.zanata.org/project/view/halcyon

🐘 Mastodon
https://github.com/tootsuite/mastodon/blob/master/CONTRIBUTING.md#translations

📺 PeerTube
https://github.com/Chocobozzz/PeerTube/blob/develop/support/doc/translation.md

Are there other links to add to this list?

#Localisation #Localization #Translation #Languages #Fediverse
 
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